Hicks-Jenkins, Clive - VM - Meryl Doney
Clive Hicks-Jenkins: Christ Writes in the Dust – The Woman Taken in Adultery
Who will Throw the First Stone?
by Meryl Doney
Leading Welsh artist Clive Hicks-Jenkins was commissioned by the trustees to make this work for the Methodist Collection of Modern Art. The two benefactors funding the commission wanted to demonstrate the readiness of Jesus to challenge accepted beliefs and that he aimed to emphasize the spirit of the law rather than the letter.
Hicks-Jenkins started out by selecting a striking story from the Gospel of John. A woman who has been caught in the act of adultery is brought to a public place to be stoned to death, in accordance with the Law of Moses. Jesus is asked for his verdict. He bends down and writes with his finger in the dust. They press him, and he straightens up with the famous words, ‘Let him who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her.’ The crowd disperses and Jesus speaks directly to the woman. ‘Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?’ She said, ‘No one, Lord.’ And Jesus said, ‘Neither do I condemn you; go, and do not sin again.’
Hicks-Jenkins’ approach to this subject was first to look at historical precedent. He found very few examples before the 19th century, when he felt the encounter was treated in an overly sentimental way. The woman appears contrite, ennobled and, as a result, easy to forgive. Hicks-Jenkins believed she should be more streetwise, older, flaunting, so that she would be more difficult to forgive. His early drawings trace the development of these ideas.
He also thought long and hard about how to portray Christ himself. He says, ‘I placed him in the position he now occupies to render gazing at him and reading his expression more of a challenge. Viewers have to turn their heads almost upside down to see him properly. When they do, they'll find a young man with dark eyes and with cropped dark hair and beard. But they probably will have looked at the painting quite hard before they upend their heads to see his face, and by then they will have already entered the world of the painting and have become at least a little accustomed to it, and to him.’
A sense of place is very important to Hicks-Jenkins. In 2010 he spent time in Montclar, a small village near
In the 19th century, this story might have seemed remote and hard to imagine. Not today. We have seen people stoned to death in real time on our TV screens. People still rush to judgement. It’s still the case that the powerful and rich (and invariably male) get off, and the weak and the poor (and usually female) are punished. The woman in this painting is not an innocent. She’s not young. She’s been around a bit. But she is being humiliated, treated like an animal. Christ comes alongside her. His posture, as he writes in the dust, echoes hers.
And the accusers are in the foreground, the stones behind their backs. We, who view the picture, are ranged with them. We are being required to think about our own reaction to the stark scene.
Clive Hicks-Jenkins: Christ Writes in the Dust – The Woman Taken in Adultery, 2011, acrylic on panel.
Clive Hicks-Jenkins: Christ Writes in the Dust – The Woman Taken in Adultery, 2011, preliminary drawing and grisaille.
All three images are copyright of the artist. The Methodist Collection of Modern Art is the owner of the main work, seewww.methodist.org.uk/static/artcollection/index.htm.
Clive Hicks-Jenkins was born in Newport, in the south of Wales, in 1951. His early career included work as a dancer, choreographer, puppeteer, stage designer and director, becoming Associate Director of the Cardiff New Theatre. Since the 1990s he has concentrated on his work as a visual artist. Clive Hicks-Jenkins written by Simon Callow et al. is a substantial monograph about his work. It was published in 2011 with Lund Humphries - Ashgate. Clive Hicks-Jenkins is an Honorary Fellow of Aberystwyth University School of Art and a member of the Royal Cambrian Academy of Art. He is a member of The Welsh Group and 56 Group Wales. He has lived in London, Newport and Cardiff and currently lives near Aberystwyth, Ceredigion. See also http://www.hicks-jenkins.com and https://clivehicksjenkins.wordpress.com.
Meryl Doney is a freelance fine art curator, specializing in presenting exhibitions in cathedrals, churches, festivals and other challenging spaces. She has curated over 40 exhibitions and performance pieces, including Moon Mirror by Rebecca Horne in
ArtWay Visual Meditation January 18, 2015