Alma W. Thomas: Resurrection
ArtWay Visual Meditation July 10, 2022
Alma W. Thomas: Resurrection
by Victoria Emily Jones
Alma Thomas (1891–1978) was an African American artist best known for her exuberant abstract paintings inspired by the hues, patterns, and movement of trees and flowers in and around her neighborhood in Northwest Washington, DC. Seeking relief from the racial violence in her native Georgia and better educational opportunities, she moved to Washington with her family at age fifteen and remained there for the rest of her life. In 1924 she became Howard University’s first fine arts graduate, and after that taught art for thirty-five years at Shaw Junior High School, leaving behind a celebrated legacy as an educator and a champion for black youth. She was also an active member of St. Luke’s Episcopal Church, through which she founded the Sunday Afternoon Beauty Club, organizing field trips, lectures, and other activities to promote arts appreciation.
Though Thomas had been painting for decades, she didn’t develop her signature style—consisting of vibrant paint pats arranged in columns or concentric circles—until about 1965, after retiring from teaching. She called these irregular free blocks “Alma’s Stripes.” Her exploration of the power of simplified color and form in luminous, contemplative, nonobjective paintings means she is often classified as a Color Field painter, and she is particularly associated with the Washington Color School. At age eighty she had her first major exhibition, at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York in 1972. She was the first black woman to receive a solo show at this prestigious museum, and the show won her instant acclaim.
The natural world was an enduring source of inspiration for Thomas. She kept a flower garden in her backyard and frequented the green spaces of the nation’s capital. Many of her paintings, whether of outwardly radiating rings or parallel rows, are meant to suggest an aerial view of flower beds or nurseries.
One such painting she titled Resurrection. Bright and explosive, it is made up of rhythmic daubs of prismatic color—green, blue, indigo, violet, red, orange, yellow. Similar compositions include A Joyful Scene of Spring and Wind Dancing with Spring Flowers.
The title likely refers first and foremost to nature’s coming back to life in springtime. But it also invites associations with the resurrection of Christ. One might see in the painting the ripple effect of that historic event, which moves ever outward and cannot be contained within the frame. The stone has been rolled away and the mouth of the empty tomb stands agape, promise (a veritable rainbow) bursting forth.
In 2014, under Barack Obama’s US presidency, Resurrection was acquired for the White House Collection. It debuted the following year, during Black History Month, in the Old Family Dining Room (see photo below) and is currently located in the Vermeil Room.
Thomas frequently spoke about the beauty of local, seasonal flora, and sometimes couched her enthusiasm for such in religious terms. “Spring delivers her dynamic sermons to the world each year, drenching one’s soul with its extravaganza,” she’s quoted as saying in a 1970 D.C. Gazette article. Beauty preaches.
For an overview of Thomas’s oeuvre, see “Beauty and joy in the paintings of Alma Thomas,” my review of the retrospective Alma W. Thomas: Everything Is Beautiful, which is currently at the Columbus Museum in Georgia.
Alma W. Thomas: Resurrection, 1966, Acrylic and graphite on canvas, 91.4 × 91.9 cm. White House Collection, Washington, DC, © 2022 White House Historical Association. https://www.whitehousehistory.org/photos/resurrection-by-alma-thomas
Alma W. Thomas (1891–1978) was an American modernist whose “vibrant color field paintings celebrate the beauty and exuberance of the natural world. The Washington Color School artist transformed trees, lakes, and sunsets into kaleidoscopic explosions of color. . . . Thomas was the first graduate of Howard University’s art department in 1924, but her career didn’t fully blossom until 1960, when she retired from a nearly 40-year career as a public school teacher in Washington, D.C. She went on to win acclaim for her bright abstractions, and in 1972, she was the first black woman to receive a solo show at the Whitney Museum of American Art. Her work belongs in prominent collections around the United States, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Art Institute of Chicago.” [source]
Victoria Emily Jones lives in the Baltimore area of the United States, where she works as an editorial freelancer and blogs at ArtandTheology.org, exploring ways in which the arts can stimulate renewed engagement with the Bible. She serves on the board of the faith-based arts nonprofit the Eliot Society and as art curator for the Daily Prayer Project, and she has contributed to the Visual Commentary on Scripture and the Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception. Follow her on Instagram @art_and_theology.
FIVE NEW ARTICLES ABOUT HANS ROOKMAAKER – The third issue of the new British magazine The Big Picture was partly dedicated to art historian Hans Rookmaaker, as this year is the centennial of his birth. With permission we have now posted these articles also on ArtWay.
* Marleen Hengelaar-Rookmaaker - Rookmaaker and the richness of reality and art (editorial)
* Peter Smith - Modern Art in Modern Art and the Death of a Culture
* Nigel Halliday - Rookmaaker and art theory
* Rodolfo Amorim - Rookmaaker and his Influence Amongst Brazilian Christians
* William Edgar - Five reasons to read Rookmaaker today
ONLINE COURSE THEOLOGY AND THE ARTS – Theology and art are often considered separate forms of human activity, but are they? How might they relate? What influence do they have on one another, and how might that inform our understanding of faith, of the human condition, of ourselves, and maybe even of God? Whitley College is offering a unit of study to explore such questions. Theology and the Arts is a dynamic subject that expands our traditional view of theology into the world of the arts in a way that both delights and challenges. It will be delivered online by Jason Goroncy and Rod Pattenden, together with a host of guest artists, including Emmanuel Garibay, Julie Perrin, Doug Purnell, Trish Watts, Paul Mitchell, Rebekah Pryor, and Libby Byrne. The course will run as an intensive unit over 7 sessions – on 19, 20, 21, 26, 27, 28 September and 21 October. To book your place, or for more information, contact the Registrar at Whitley College.
CIVA SUMMER RETREAT – July 18 – 20, Eureka MO, USA – Three days of rest, relaxation, and art at the beautiful Marianist Retreat and Conference Center in Eureka, Missouri. Nestled on 120 acres of wooded rolling hills on the scenic Meramac River, the center offers space for creative work, writing, and contemplation alongside three miles of trails, wildlife, and stunning art. Attendees will share meals, attend worship services, and may join in optional group activities. The rest of the time is up to you! CIVA membership is not required to attend. Individuals and families are welcome. Program and registration
CATALOGUE OF LUTHER PORTRAITS ONLINE – Over the last four years the Germanische Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg, the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg and the TH Cologne have examined 726 Luther portraits from the period between 1519 and 1530 to classify the great variety of these portraits. The result is a comprehensive catalogue that is freely accessible online within the Cranach Digital Archive. The portraits of Martin Luther are known worldwide. Numerous motifs were created by Lucas Cranach the Elder: Luther as a Pious Monk, as Junker Jörg, as the reformer or as a husband together with his wife Katharina of Bora. The catalogue contains an introduction and a discussion of the portraits according to the various motifs as well as information on methodology, and a concordance/bibliography. Go here to access the critical catalogue of Luther Portraits 1519-1530.
ARTWAY: OPENING EYES, HEARTS AND MINDS
Other recent meditations:
- August 2022: Emmanuel Garibay: Prison Cell
- July 2022: Alan Stewart: The Blind Jesus
- June 2022: Winslow Homer: Sunday Morning in Virginia
- June 2022: Jacek Malcezewski: Christ and the Samaritan Woman
For more Visual Meditations, see under Artists